Click on the areas of the skeleton to find out more about the pain you are suffering from and treatments that may help.


head shoulder hip knee elbow lower back foot and ankle hand and wrist

Causes of pain in the head, neck and face:

  • Headaches
  • Sinusitis
  • Associated Neck Pain (Trauma: road traffic accident, Arthritis)
  • Temperomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJ)

Treatments can include:

  • Acupuncture
  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Identifying and managing underlining causes such as poor posture or work based assessment

Causes of pain in the shoulder:

  • Torn ligaments (SLAP Lesion)
  • Rotator cuff disorder
  • Associated neck injuries referring in to the shoulder (Trauma: fall/ sports injury/ road traffic accident)
  • Shoulder instability/ impingement

Treatments can include:

  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Acupuncture
  • Strapping

Causes of hip pain:

  • Trauma (road traffic accident, sports injury, fall)
  • Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
  • Femoral Acetabular Impingement (FAI)
  • Underlying conditions (osteo/rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis)
  • Nerve pain (referred from lower back)
  • Post Operative Total hip replacment

Treatments can include:

  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Nerve mobilisation techniques
  • Acupuncture

Causes of elbow pain:

  • Repetitive strain injury (RSI) golfers or tennis elbow
  • Referred pain from cervical spine
  • Trauma (road traffic accident, sports injury, fall)
  • Post-operative pain

Treatments can include:

  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Nerve mobilisation techniques
  • Acupuncture

Causes of knee pain:

  • Post-operative total knee replacement
  • Trauma (road traffic accident, sports injury, fall)
  • Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
  • Underlying conditions (osteo/rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis)
  • Patellofemoral pain
  • Nerve pain (referred from lower back

Treatments can include:

  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Nerve mobilisation techniques
  • Acupuncture

Causes of lower back pain:

  • Repetitive strain injury (RSI) poor sitting or lifting posture
  • Pregnancy or child birth
  • Trauma (road traffic accident, sports injury, fall)
  • Disc injury
  • Nerve injury

Treatments can include:

  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Nerve mobilisation techniques
  • Manual Traction
  • Acupuncture

Causes of foot and ankle pain:

  • Trauma (road traffic accident, sports injury, fall)
  • Poor biomechanics (flat foot)
  • Repetitive strain injury (going over on ankle)
  • Ankle/ foot fracture
  • Plantar fasciitis

Treatments can include:

  • Orthotic prescription
  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Acupuncture
  • Nerve mobilisation techniques

Causes of hand and wrist pain:

  • Trauma (road traffic accident, sports injury, fall)
  • Fracture in the hand
  • Carpal tunnel
  • Repetitive strain injuries (RSI) in work

Treatments can include:

  • Soft tissue or joint mobilisation
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Acupuncture
  • Nerve mobilisation techniques